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Posted In: Legal Process Improvement, Legal Project Management, Strategic Planning

What’s Wrong With This Process? Why Are So Few Lawyers Willing to Assess How They’re Delivering Legal Services?

Last month I wrote that lawyers still hadn’t decided which should come first between legal project management (LPM) and legal process improvement (LPI).  It had been two years since I first wrote about it and yet the question was still out there.

A number of interested parties reached out to me by email and a couple with blog comments saying that it’s true, although the most logical order of things would be LPI then LPM, it turns out most lawyers chose to focus first on LPM.

Jeffrey Carr, VP and GC of FMC Technologies, a Fortune 500 company, summed it up nicely when he commented that the order of adoption is not relevant because they are two different things.  “LPI is about designing a process — LPM is about operating it.”  He goes on to comment that “many firms focused on LPM first because it’s easier and – to be very cynical – consistent with the inefficient cost-plus business model that has prevailed for so long.”  Although I’m certain there are lawyers and law firms that chose to focus on LPM first (and sometimes exclusively) for that reason, I believe other reasons are involved as well.

In my experience, the resistance to LPI falls into several categories and each are worth exploring and demystifying (and we’ll do so over the course of a few blogs):

  • Recognition that other things are impacted by changing how services are delivered and too overwhelmed to know where to start (e.g., staffing, fees, compensation)
  • Belief that services (and people) will become commoditized by “standardizing” the process
  • Lawyer personalities and resistance to change

First, LPI does impact other things…and it should…but that doesn’t mean it all has to be tackled (or “fixed”) at the same time.  When a process is streamlined, staffing needs change.  Ideally, lower rate professionals will be able to complete more standard tasks.  That’s the point.  Those tasks that are repetitive across matters should be done in as uniform a manner as possible and by the lowest cost professionals possible.  The unique tasks should be the focus of the highly experienced lawyers.

Fees will change.  Again, that’s the point.  The idea is to have routine matters handled at the lowest possible level – use technology or non-timekeepers, if possible – in order to reduce the cost of the service to clients.  This means that lawyers and firms need to rethink how to maintain profits under that scenario.  Fixed fee billing which is accurately priced and managed to budget is often the answer.  This is where strong LPM skills are critical.

Compensation systems are still frequently linked to bulk revenue, not efficiency or low cost or profitability.  This may be the last thing to change, but that doesn’t mean firms should continue to deliver legal services in an inefficient manner.  Delivering value to your clients should be the driving force behind your choices, not your compensation system.  If not, you’re likely going to lose your clients.

It’s possible to affect change one piece at a time.  To point back to Jeffrey Carr’s comments, “perhaps the best way to think of this is as a three step holistic and continuous cycle:  (1) plan/organize; (2) execute flawlessly; and (3) assess/improve.  Since it’s a continuous circle, it doesn’t really matter where you enter.”  And as I mentioned in a blog last fall, “the point is to get started somewhere….”

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One Commment

  1. Richard Copley

    I meant to comment on the original blog, as we (I work for a UK law firm) have taken a deliberate decision to do LPI first, LPM second (and actually mapped the LPM processes as part of the LPI effort). There are a couple of reasons for this. First, the challenge is to get the core work of the firm right – which is what the LPI initiative has done for us, helping to eliminate work activities of no value, to identify the skills needed for each step of the piece of work, and to drive consistency in delivery across all our offices. Second, if we had done LPM first, then all we might have done was find better ways to manage work that was inherently inefficient, wasteful, and unnecessarily expensive for the client. Think this is Jeffrey’s point above, more or less. Third, LPI certainly creates the appetite for LPM; I’m not certain the reverse is as true.
    I understand the argument that LPM encounters less resistance, but I think the benefits of LPI are worth the hard work necessary to initiate and complete such an initiative (recognising that, once started, it is never completed).
    I understand, and support, the argument that the point is to get started somewhere. The other trick is to make certain that both sides of the LPM/LPI debate are addressed. We have found that by mapping some 40+ of our key services, and then by mapping the LPM process itself, our lawyers understood that LPM was the same wrapper that we could, and should, put around each of those services.
    Looking forward to further installments in this debate….

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